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Patronage of Portugal
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A Geographical Narrative of the foundations of Jesuits Colleges in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

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Introduction

Founded by Ignatius de Loyola in the sixteenth century, Society of Jesus was approved by Pope Paul III in 1540. By 1568, they already had a network of schools spanning Europe, and reaching out as far as India, and to what is now Mexico.

This map narrative traces the establishment of the global network of Jesuit colleges in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. Scroll down to read about the various contexts in which schools were founded. The markers on the map each mark the location of at least one Jesuit college. Click on a marker to learn more about the college(s) at that location. The markers do not provide a complete list of Jesuit colleges established in the sixteenth and seventeenth century, but we have assembled enough to visualize the span and intensity of the Jesuit's educational work. We note that the geopolitical divisions and names shown in the map and referred to in the narrative are the contemporary ones, which are not necessarily those of the times as geopolitical divisions and names have changed over time.

Peter Paul Reubens - life of St. Ignatius engraving - plate 60
Peter Paul Reubens - The Life of St. Ignatius - Engraving - plate 60. Source.

About this work

This interactive map, created by Ana Jofre is one of two related components of a historical analysis of the Jesuit’s network of colleges (or universities) in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. It is intended to accompany a historical longue durée synthesis that contextualizes the Jesuits’ works, an academic paper written by Rosa Bruno-Jofre . The overall geopolitical framing context is that of coloniality, in which the Jesuits participated and often served as cultural brokers. Notably, locality would nuance their ministry.

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